Caster Wheel Material Application Guide
Application Information on Caster Wheel Materials
Caster Headquarters, LLC - Most Comprehensive Caster Wheel Guide in the Material Handling Industry
Caster Wheels come in dozens of material types for different applications. There are many industries that require certain caster wheel materials in order to get the optimal performance for each application. Some applications require a softer ride that absorbs shock and reduces sound decibels. Other applications require extremely heavy duty weight capacity requirements but can't use a steel wheel due to possible floor damage, this is when a Polyurethane Tread on a Cast Iron Core would normally come in. There are more caster and wheel applications than there are wheel materials. Our in depth Caster Wheel Guide below goes into depth of our wheel materials. Our Guide covers the basics on all wheel materials to help you figure out what wheel is your best choice for your application.
CasterHQ can manufacture custom wheels and colors as well if you cannot find what you're looking for on our website. Our website only shows the most common wheel materials and products that we sell but we have access to custom casters and wheels with weight capacities that go over 40,000 lbs per Caster or Wheel. To find our more information give us a call or shoot us an email below and our professional caster sales team will help you find the perfect caster and wheel for your application! Our Caster Wheel material guide below is the most comprehensive wheel guide in the Caster industry and will help you determine which wheel material is best suited for your caster wheel application or project. Many factors in a caster and wheel application need to be taken into consideration inducing the floor type, obstacles, debris, speed (MPH) of cart, used outdoors or indoors, exposure to water or chemicals, heat and cold, ergonomics and push/pull force, impact, type of abuse, stagnant loads, manual push application or power tow, and many more factors need to be determined before you choose the right wheel for your application.
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- Softer than polyurethane
- Withstands exposure to many chemicals & solvents
with less than 10% acidity.
- Gray rubber = Non Marking.
- Black Rubber = Marking.
- Crowned = Better on carpet.
- Flat = Better on Hard Floors.
- Rubber climbs easier over obstacles, uneven floors,
joints, gaps, and grips slippery floors easier.
- Protects floors and absorbs shocks.
- Do not leave rubber wheels above 50% of its rated
weight capacity for prolonged periods of time, they will develop flat
- Bonding agents can wear off if exposed to chemicals
and certain environments.
- Do not exceed 150 F degrees.
GRAY THERMO RUBBER (TPR) - 2-1/2" thru 8" wheels - up to 600 lbsCAST IRON MOLD-ON RUBBER - 4" thru 12" wheels - up to 1,300 lbsSUPER CUSHION RUBBER - 6" thru 8" wheels - up to 450 lbsRUBBER ON PLASTIC - 8" thru 10" wheels - up to 650 lbsSUPREME RUBBER ON ALUMINUM - 6" thru 8" wheels - up to 800 lbs
- Non Marking and Non Conductive.
- Not meant on poor floors or for absorbing shocks,
abuse, overloading, obstructions, or storage.
- Polyurethane wheels are injection molded, mechanically
and chemically bonded to a polyolefin center.
- Superior to rubber in withstanding grease, oil,
cutting, chunking, and abrasive wear.
POLYURETHANE ON ALUMINUM - 4" thru 8" wheels - up to 1,500 lbs
POLYURETHANE ON IRON - 4" thru 12" wheels - up to 8,000 lbs
POLYURETHANE ON POLYOLEFIN - 4" thru 8" wheels - up to 1,000 lbs
SOLID POLYURETHANE - 3" thru 8" wheels - up to 1,000 lbs
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR PHENOLIC WHEELS:
- Made from macerated canvas and resin.
- Molded under high pressure and heat.
- Recommended for smooth concrete and can be used for
- Highly resistant to grease, oil, gas, and mild acids.
- Not meant for wet applications.
- Affected by strong acids and alkaline solutions.
- -40F – 250F degrees.
wheels with black tires do not leave marks as long as they are able to move
to use with swivel casters but not required.
for noise absorption, and shock absorption.
cushioned ride, use for fragile or delicate cargo, or on rough surfaces
(gravel), or on grass.
Filled Pneumatic wheels last longer and are easier to roll with less effort.
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR AIR FILLED PNEUMATIC WHEELS:
Forged Steel & Ductile
for extreme weights that normal wheels can not handle.
meant for protecting floors / will damage most factory floors.
of temperatures up to 700 F degrees.
DUCTILE & FORGED STEEL
GRAY IRON (SEMI STEEL)
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR POLYOLEFIN (INDUSTRIAL PLASTIC) WHEELS:
for wet and corrosive applications.
molded from a blend of thermoplastic polymers, forming a one piece solid and
resistant to many commonly encountered liquids.
High Temperature Caster
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR HIGH TEMPERATURE WHEELS:
- HTPhenolic are made out of fiberglass and are best
suited for dry heat applications, powder coating, bakery convection, and dry
- Glass-Filled Nylon performs best in moist heat
applications such as smoke houses and around water and steam. Recommended to be
used on smooth surfaces.
Gray Iron Caster Wheels:
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR GRAY IRON STEEL WHEELS:
high capacity and are less expensive than forged steel.
for use on wood block or hardened smooth concrete.
deterioration on untreated concrete.
recommended for floors or cargo protection.
iron is tough, long wearing material, but does not have the impact strength of
ductile or forged steel.
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR MACHINED STEEL WHEELS:
machined from hot-rolled steel bar stock.
resistant to shock loads and offer incomparable strength, durability, and
V-Groove Caster Wheels:
CLICK THE LINK BELOW TO SEE ALL OF OUR GROOVED WHEELS:
to guide equipment by rolling on an inverted angle iron track.
track minimizes problems caused by floor debris.
not operating on track the wheel tread on both sides of the V-groove allows for
use on smooth floors.